Sunday, May 24, 2020
I. INTRODUCTION Marks Spencer Group Plc is an international organization which doing business through Europe, North America and Asia. The located headquarter is in City of Westminster, London. The company sales clothing, footwear, gifts, house appliances, and food in over 600 stores in UK and over 300 stores across more than 40 countries in the world (Source online: Web1). The consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s confidence in the Marks and Spencer brand remains second to none By the way, the company can achieve many opportunities from global market and at the same time, they also need to build ability to face with many internal and external aspects which influence directly to the organization. In this report, I will use SWOT analysis to assess MSÃ¢â¬â¢s market thatÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦With more than 1 in 10 clothing items bought from MS, the company remains the UKÃ¢â¬â¢s largest clothing retailer. MS leads the market in womenswear, lingerie and menswear and have an expanding childrenswear business.The companyÃ¢â¬â¢s market share is 9.5 percentage points ahead of next retailer, giving it enough cushion to weather the competition. MS enjoys highest conversion rate of 51.1% and is very successful in converting visitors to loyal main users through its varied product offer, in-store service and garment quality.(Business Source Premier) Weaknesses: Food offering has weak relevance and might not be able to sustain the competition It is highly questionable if MS food offering will be able to sustain the competition. The companyÃ¢â¬â¢s food stores averages about 5,000 SKUs compared with the supermarket average of 30,000Ã¢â¬â35,000. Furthermore, the average shelf life for MS products is three to five days for about 70% of the total offering. This highlights MSÃ¢â¬â¢ focus on convenience (compared with 55-60% of supermarket dry shelf products with three to four weeks shelf life). Convenience typically comes with a higher price tag for consumers. In a cost-conscious environment, price is of top concern for the customers and therefore MS is likely to continue to lose share to competitors. MS has consistently highlighted it is cheaper thanShow MoreRelatedMarketing Analysis : Marketing And Marketing966 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesreflect back over these last five weeks I now have a clearer view of marketing and how it affects not just the consumers of the world and the companies with their marketing managers, but how it affects me. Yes, I am a consumer who clips coupons, budgets my finances, and looks for sale items and this marketing class has taught me that marketing is more than selling or advertising. 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Wednesday, May 13, 2020
MIBW4A incurred operational costs in paying salaries and wages for the technical team. Each technician received a monthly salary of USD 100. Annually, MIBW4A will incur USD 3600 within the first year of operation as it will hire three more technicians. With the need to install more filters, MIBW4A will incur more operational cost in salaries in the subsequent years. Other members of the local staff in the monthly payroll include subordinate staffs and operating officers whose salaries would total to USD 845,000. To increase their sales volume, the company plans to hire a sales team of 20 in the second and third year. In the first year of operation, the company hired no team to sell their products, hence incurring no expenses on sales staff within the first twelve months. Each salesperson takes away USD 150 per month. In their annual budget, MIBW4A planned for a weekly testing expenditure on filters estimated to be USD 525,200 over the three year period. As outlined above, MIBW4A bus iness faces a lot of challenges. The business incurred a lot of expense both in operation and fixed costs. We will write a custom essay sample on International Accounting Standard Mib Water For All or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Teen pregnancy wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t always a problem. Even a hundred years ago, men and women married and started their families young: life expectancy was far shorter than it is today; school wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t nearly as important or widely available; and young families conformed to the established social norm. However, today in the developed world, teen pregnancy is a problem that causes a wide range of social and economic problems. We will write a custom essay sample on The Teen Pregnancy or any similar topic only for you Order Now The United States leads the developed world in teen pregnancies, with over twice as many per year as Great Britain or Canada, four times as many as France, and ten times as many as Japan or the Netherlands (Popenoe). As many as 34% of all teenage girls become pregnant at least once before they are 20 years old, resulting in an astounding rate of 820,000 pregnancies a year. Nearly all of those pregnancies are out of wedlock and unwanted and so about half of those pregnancies result in abortion. Poverty and race are correlated with teen pregnancy, too, as teen mothers are more likely to be poor and remain poor if they start a family. Teen mothers are unlikely to finish high school: fewer than one-third of teen mothers receive their degree and a mere 1. 5% receive a college degree before they are 30 (Ã¢â¬Å"The National Campaign To Prevent Teen PregnancyÃ¢â¬ ). Additionally, teenage pregnancies frequently result in short- and long-term health problems for both mother and child. Long-term social effects include the perpetuation of poverty and the weakening of the economic muscle of the nation; clearly something must be done to prevent teen pregnancy in the United States. Many people believe mistakenly believe that sex education and birth control distribution will solve the epidemic of teen pregnancy. The underlying message is that if the birth control methods and education fails, then at least the teen can have an abortion to prevent starting a family. Sex education focuses on safe sex: the proper use of birth control devices including prophylactics and hormonal contraceptives. Barrier birth control devices like condoms can prevent sexually-transmitted diseases as well as pregnancies. Many schools, community and health centers distribute condoms for free to encourage teens to practice safe sex. The birth control approach to teen pregnancy is based on an assumption that teenagers are going to have sex no matter what, because sex is a natural biological instinct or because of peer pressure. By teaching safe sex, teachers and parents feel that at least they are minimizing the chances of causing a pregnancy or spreading a sexually transmitted disease. Sex education also eliminates the need to address the complex moral and psychological issues associated with teen pregnancy: issues that are controversial politically and difficult to discuss. In spite of the rationale behind the prophylactic approach to teen pregnancy, distributing birth control freely to teenagers will fail to solve the epidemic and in fact contributes to the problem of teen pregnancy. Telling teens that they should use birth control and then handing them birth control devices is frankly condoning and even encouraging premarital teen sex. The practice is irresponsible and irrational, because teen pregnancies are far more common now than they were in the 1960s, when birth control and sex education were not a part of the school curriculum. Moreover, sex education starts at a young age, in many cases before the young person is even interested in having sex, increasing the likelihood of misunderstanding, misinterpreting, or misapplying the information. In many cases students do not pay attention either. Contrary to what many people believe, teenagers in the modern industrialized world do not have the mental or emotional maturity to understand the ramifications of sexual intercourse. In the old days, teens married young and their pregnancies usually occurred within wedlock and in a socially-sanctioned setting. Now, teen pregnancies lead to social and economic problems. Furthermore, all birth control devices fail occasionally and many are difficult to use properly by adults, let alone inexperienced teens. At least half of all teen pregnancies result in abortion, which many teens begin to view as a form of backup birth control. The emphasis on birth control and sex education compound the underlying moral degeneracy that causes teen pregnancy in the United States, contributing to racial, gender, and social inequity, to poverty as to the denigration of life. Teaching abstinence is the only meaningful way to reduce teen pregnancy because teaching abstinence addresses the root causes of the problem and provides an effective long-term solution. Abstinence is not a religious idea or a superstitious idea; abstinence is a practical solution to a serious problem. Parents and teachers should teach abstinence first, before they teach children about birth control. Teaching abstinence now wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be easy because teens expect to have sex and because the media targeted at teens reinforces a view that having sex is normal, cool, and healthy. A message of abstinence goes against what teens see on television so many teens as well as adults may resist the idea. The idea of abstinence may be linked to religious beliefs and therefore many will construe the teaching as being biased. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not biased. Teaching abstinence is a universal, practical, simple way to prevent teen pregnancies and the concurrent health, social, and economic problems that go along with it. Teaching abstinence requires a two-fold plan. First, abstinence must be taught from an early age, in school and at home. Second, abstinence teaching must be continued throughout junior and high school and reinforced through community messages and outreach. Teaching abstinence from an early age ensures that the individual will develop an emotional and cognitive framework that will last through their lives. When taught from an early age, abstinence becomes the norm, replacing sexual promiscuity or experimentation as the norm. Teaching abstinence at a young age, from late elementary school, is inexpensive and easy, requiring no special materials or funding. The education does not need to be presented from a religious perspective, but young students should learn about the moral and social ramifications of pregnancy so that they can independently choose abstinence when they reach puberty. Abstinence is a preventative teaching that must be reinforced throughout the pre-teen and teen years. Because they are influenced heavily by the media and by their peers, teenagers must receive continual guidance and support, and regular exposure to the message of abstinence. Therefore, abstinence education must continue into junior high and high school, if not in a formal class setting than through posters, pamphlets, and other accessible material. Parents must also participate by regularly talking to their teenage children, asking them questions about their social life, answering the teenÃ¢â¬â¢s questions as honestly and frankly as possible. Basically, abstinence must become a state of mind, a new social norm. Reducing the alarming and embarrassingly high rate of American teen pregnancies requires not a more aggressive birth control campaign but a more systematic abstinence campaign. If we fail to teach abstinence soon, from an early age, and systematically, then teen pregnancies will continue to plague young American women, contributing to social and economic injustice as well as widespread health issues. All Americans can see the negative of teen pregnancy; it is a problem shared by all of us and therefore all of us are responsible for changing the underlying social norms that contribute to the problem and promoting abstinence. How to cite The Teen Pregnancy, Papers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Well As Breakfast Services To The Customers? Answer: Introducation I have been working in a restaurant sector for more than five years and have not faced with such situation anytime in the past. The restaurant I work for in involved in offering dining as well as breakfast services to the customers. The restaurant opens in two shifts; one is in the morning and the other in the evening. This kind of shift timing is maintained by the restaurant in order to get ample time for preparing the food items. This in turn helps the restaurant to serve best quality food to the customers. My role in this restaurant is of an operations manager. I look after all the operations in the store that is the kitchen, presentation if food and tables and responsible for maintaining the internal and external environment of the business. Being the operation manager, I was expected to stay the whole day for looking after the restaurant. The raw material for the food and other needs of the restaurant is bought under my supervision. I am the sole person to allow the entry of an item in the store after properly analyzing the quality and environmental considerations. The food is also cooked under my supervision as it is my duty to maintain the power consumption, waste disposal and recycling of waste when required (Montalbo, 2015). A restaurant should have some of these operations ethics for proper maintenance of the environment. As the waste disposed by our store also affects the external environment, being an operations manager it is my duty to supervise that. I handled all the operational responsibility of my store from preparation to waste. However, a few weeks before I got a message from my supervisor that I am not liable to look after the waste disposable duty from today. This was a shock for me as the company just informed me about the changes before prior discussion. It should be an ethical consideration of any business to discuss about any changes in the business before reaching to a decision (Su, 2014). Being a part of the organization and knowing that there must be some genuine reason behind such a decision, I decided to keep quiet and continue the duties I am allotted with. This shows that I followed the stage four of the Kohlbergs Thinking of moral improvement that states about obeying the decision of our authority due to social considerations (Nucci, Krettenauer Narvez, (Eds.)., 2014). I did not question on the decision taken by the restaurant manager due to moral ethics. This is because I was also relaxed that one of my responsibilities was reduced. With the passing time, I realized that due to improper supervision of the waste disposable system, the amount of waste was increasing in the restaurant. Moreover, improper ways of waste disposal was also affecting the external environment. After returning from a leave of two days, I also heard from some staffs working under me that the restaurant is hiring a new operations manager who will be looking for the waste disposal department. This was good news for me, as my responsibility will be fixed in one particular department. However, I was also afraid that this new hiring might be a threat for my position. This is because some of my colleagues also informed me that the new manager is more qualified and experienced than me. One decision by my supervisor or the restaurant manager has put me into two problems. One is being a store operation manager I need to see that the store operations are running smoothly with relation to the cleaning, safety and presentations. Second is the fear of losing my job if the new manager is highly educated. However, with the constraint of not going beyond the decision taken by the head of department, all the staffs in the restaurant was getting affected. A restaurant industrys sole aim is to serve the customers with best quality service and environment irrespective of anything (Huang, et. al., 2014). My operation staffs as well as I were afraid of losing the job with such bad situation of the store. I tried talking about the situation to the store manager about the worsening condition. However, due to some unknown reason he did not give much heed to the issue. In light of moral requirement in business (Weiss, 2014), there are reasons that make this situation a moral dilemma for me as well as for my staffs. This is because the consequences of the action taken by the authorities will affect me as well as my staffs. According to the business environment management, it has been widely recognized that a business is always affected by ethical, environmental and economic considerations (Crane Matten, 2016). Such considerations have to be met in any condition for proper revenue of the business. Moreover, the head manager did not think much before taking this action. He is not bothered that this action is going to affect me, my staffs as well as the reputation of the company. The long-term effect of this might be positive, however, it is presently affecting many people in the company. It becomes my ethical duty to make the authority informed about the situation and its affects. This puts me in stage six of Kohlbergs theory of post-conventional mor ality in which as person acts according to the internal environment principle (Nucci, Krettenauer Narvez, (Eds.)., 2014). In view of the stage five of the Kohlbergs model of morality, it was difficult to reach on any decision about the action that was taken. This is because any decision taken should be a balance between the social need and own rights (Nucci, Krettenauer Narvez, (Eds.)., 2014). I realized that the company was going to benefit in the end with such experienced and qualified operation managers. Thus, it is not wise to directly go and ask about it to the authority. It might happen the head manager has informed the owner of the company before taking any such decision. The decision of the owner is just as he is the maximum stakeholder of the company. Unethical behavior is never accepted in any company and thus would prove to be a threat on my job (Giacalone Promislo, 2014). Unethical behavior is also bad for the business as it might lead to disputes between the management and the staffs, which will in return affect the servicing facility of the restaurant. Thus, it is beneficial that I follow the non-consequential theory of ethics that focuses on rights and integrity. The staffs of the restaurant have the rights to perform effectively and earn well from their job. There are employees who are in their initial stage of career development and such kind of actions will be detrimental to their career if they lose their job. However, raising my voice for their behalf would put my job at risk, as I am uncertain if the head manager took this action on some instruction from the owner of the restaurant. The next option for taking any decision is to follow the Utilitarianism act in consequential ethics (Mulgan, 2014). By following this theory, I will have a discussion with my head manager about the present condition of the restaurant and would try to reach to some kind of compromise that will be beneficial for the entire person affected as well as the company. In doing this I will request my supervisor to allow me to continue with the waste management operation of the business until the new manager joins the company. This will allow the staff to perform their task appropriately and benefit the restaurants environment. On the other hand, I will also have some idea of the view the head manager is holding about my position in the company. This decision will be beneficial for everyone. However, it might also backfire on me as the situation is sensitive and the management did not inform me about it themselves. Final approach that I can take to solve the issue is the egoistic approach (Knez, 2016). This approach usually involves getting our own work done without thinking much about others. I could just focus on completing the task that has been allotted to me without considering much about the staffs and the restaurant surroundings. Performing the task perfectly would help me be in the save side of not losing my job. Although I realize that the staffs also need to earn their living, yet I need to fulfill my own needs to some extent. Based on the above problems and the solutions that I suggested for dealing with that issue I realize that I have moved from one stage to another stage of Kohlbergs theory. I was initially on stage four where I believed on some moral concerns of the business. However, now I am at stage 6 of universal principles (Nucci, Krettenauer Narvez, (Eds.)., 2014). From all the above-mentioned solutions, I am certainly inclined towards the utilitarian approach of business ethics. I am aware that there are some negative impacts of egoistic behavior and an imperative leader always prefer for help others and work for everyones good. This will benefit the business and the employees. The debate on Ethical Leadership This Business School believes that ethical leadership is impossible in a shareholder focused economy According to the character of Mike, it is seen that he is against the topic given in the motion. His behavior is consistent with the ethics duties behavior given in the Maxim 1 of the Modernist theories. Mike is a retired lecturer from a renowned university and has been consistent with his though of business ethics. He believes a company should always have good people that can lead to good environment. However, his behavior towards his daughter puts him in the stage two of the Kohlbergs moral development model (Kurtines, 2014). This is because he is driven by his own interest and wants his daughter to seek his footsteps. This shows that h is demanding in his nature. His daughter is espousing new ethics in the organization that is different from the ethics used by shareholders. Thus, Mike displays stage two of Kohlbergs model and maxim 1 of Deontological ethics. Jan is also seemed to be against the topic suggested by the motion. According to her behavior, she believes in moral ethics, works for the good of her company, and does charitable work (Hoffman, Frederick, Schwartz, 2014). This puts her in the stage 6 of the moral development model and maxim 2 of human dignity. However, it is also seen that being the CEO of the company she has a dominant nature of doing what is right for the companys ethics. This puts her in utilitarian stage of consequentiality theory. She also displays egoism like Mike as she is using he employees for accomplishing her own needs. Mei-Hua is also against the claim given in the motion. She is a a successful and well renowned manager of one of the best pharmaceutical company of the world. She believes in ethics of the business and abides by the rules and governance of the business. This puts her in the utilitarian aspect of the consequential ethics and maxim 1 3 of deontological ethics as she is doing this for the good of all the employees and company (Paquette, Sommerfeldt, Kent, 2015). Moreover, her good intention behind the large settlement implies that she is stage 3 and 4 of the Kohlbergs model. She states that she is just following the rules of the company and working for everyones good. Deshi Chen was the only one person against the motion. He did not believe in ethical leadership. According to him corporate believe in profit and there is nothing as ethics in business. This act of his displays utilitarian thought. He is in the stage 5 and maxim 3 of the moral development model. However, his disagreement on business ethics and view of other teams shows that he believes in egoism of teleological ethics (Bonnemains, Claire, Tessier, 2016). He is following whatever is best for him and not for the ethics of the business. On the other hand, it shows that Deshi might be considered on stage 2 because he is doing what is most beneficial according to his situation. The poverty that he and his family faced made him feel like this. Coming to myself I too believe in ethical leadership which is evident as I did not question my seniors and head of the restaurant about the new hire. The decision I took to stay on the side of utilitarian ethics puts me on stage 6 of universal principle of Kohlberg model. Thus, from the above discussion it is clear that everyone believes in ethical behavior in business environment except Deshi. The holiday case The case discusses about various types of dilemma coming from all people of the company, which played a role in helping Boris to reach on a decision. The first person to face a dilemma in this case study is Boris, the employee of the advertising agency company. He faced a dilemma between choosing his job and working for the client or going to his girlfriend Swee Lans place to meet her parents. Further, he also faced the dilemma while talking to his manager of choosing between his job and his holiday. He faced last dilemma when his friend questioned his decision and he was confused whether his decision was right or his friends are correct. Another person to face the dilemma is Swee Lan who was in a dilemma of choosing her parents happiness and Boris work. She was confused because if she supported Boris in giving up his holiday then she would have hurt her parents. On the other hand forcing Boris to choose the holiday would affect his career. Boriss manager was the third person to be affected by a dilemma between granting Boris his holiday and asking him to serve the client. His choice of allowing Boris to take a holiday would result in losing an important client of the company. Whereas, asking Boris to cancel his holiday would make one of his employee unhappy. The last person is Marcus, friend and colleague of Boris. He faced two sided problem, one is deciding to help Boris on taking a difficult decision he was facing and the other was blaming Boris of canceling his leave. This is because Boris canceling his leave would result in further cancelation of leaves of other employees in case of urgency in business. However, from the above four dilemma, Boris dilemma is the most important as he is the important character of the play. From the dilemma that Boris faced it is clear that he exhibits there characteristic of egoism. This puts him in the utilitarian theory of modernist ethical model. This is seen as Boris decides to cancel his holiday and stay back at office without even consulting his girlfriend. He is also in the stage two of the Kohlberg model as he cancels his holiday for which he will be rewarded in future. However, he is also in the stage 5 of the Kohlberg model where he realizes that there are people in his office and around which have different opinion and he decides to go against those opinions (Crane Matten, 2016). On the other hand, the dilemma that Boris face with his manager puts him in the Utilitarian stage of modernist theory of ethics where he decides to work for his company and get them better projects. This will benefit large number of people in his office as well. This also displays stage four in the nature of Boris as he realized his responsibility of obeying the rules of his office. However, again with Marcus he was egoist as he gave his own opinion that his decision of staying back was right (Mischel, 2013). This shows that Boris has been in ethical dilemma due to its social consciousness and morality towards his office. He will be in trouble in future because of giving up on his friends and girlfriend due to the needs of his office work. Interpersonal and team working skills The debate that we faced in this module was very interesting and helped us to learn many things about our behavior and thinking towards others. During this debate we were able to realize that we went through phase 2 and phase 5 of the Kohlberg theory of moral development. We gave our best in giving our views in all possible way we could. However, initially we saw ourselves at phase 2 of the Kohlberg model because at first we did not took active participation in the debate and was only waiting for good results (Zizek, Garz, Nowak, 2015). On the other hand there were ewe members who only focused on themselves and did not bother to give any response in the debate. They were facing the Utilitarian theory of egoism and self-development (Hayry, 2013). However, as the debate continued we found that it is interesting to be a part of it and give our view. This helped us to know that our thinking about the debate was wrong as it is not for harming anyone. It only helped the team members to share their views that they possess about the topic. As we moved forward the debate became more complex and conflicting and we moved to phase five. We realized that the situation of conflict and argument is an active part of the debate as every individual is sharing their own views on the topic (Lapsley, Carlo, 2014). There was an opposition team also which various kinds of views. The debate had put everyone in the non-consequential ethics which reflected the rights and justice that the people has (Nye, Plunkett, Ku, 2015). As there is no right or wrong answer for anything, it is just the views that differs about a single topic. The team member who were non active initially were also taking participation in the debate. Thus, the debate benefitted everyone in the team. References Bonnemains, V., Claire, S., Tessier, C. (2016). How Ethical Frameworks Answer to Ethical Dilemmas: Towards a Formal Model. InEDIA@ ECAI(pp. 44-51). Crane, A., Matten, D. (2016).Business ethics: Managing corporate citizenship and sustainability in the age of globalization. Oxford University Press. Giacalone, R. A., Promislo, M. D. (2014).Handbook of unethical work behavior: Implications for individual well-being. Routledge. Hayry, M. (2013).Liberal utilitarianism and applied ethics. Routledge. Hoffman, W. M., Frederick, R. E., Schwartz, M. S. (Eds.). (2014).Business ethics: Readings and cases in corporate morality. John Wiley Sons. Huang, C. C., Yen, S. W., Liu, C. Y., Huang, P. C. (2014). The relationship among corporate social responsibility, service quality, corporate image and purchase intention.International Journal of Organizational Innovation (Online),6(3), 68. Knez, I. (2016). Is climate change a moral issue? Effects of egoism and altruism on pro-environmental behavior.Current Urban Studies,4(02), 157. Kurtines, W. M. (2014).Handbook of moral behavior and development: Volume 1: Theory. Psychology Press. Lapsley, D., Carlo, G. (2014). Moral development at the crossroads: new trends and possible futures.Developmental psychology,50(1), 1. Mischel, T. (Ed.). (2013).Cognitive development and epistemology. Academic Press. Montalbo, E. E. (2015). Corporate Social Responsibility Approaches and Implementation in Selected Fast Food Restaurants in Batangas City, Philippines.Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research,3(3). Mulgan, T. (2014).Understanding utilitarianism. Routledge. Nucci, L., Krettenauer, T., Narvez, D. (Eds.). (2014).Handbook of moral and character education. Routledge. Nye, H., Plunkett, D., Ku, J. (2015). Non-Consequentialism Demystified. Paquette, M., Sommerfeldt, E. J., Kent, M. L. (2015). Do the ends justify the means? Dialogue, development communication, and deontological ethics.Public Relations Review,41(1), 30-39. Su, H. Y. (2014). Business ethics and the development of intellectual capital.Journal of Business Ethics,119(1), 87-98. Weiss, J. W. (2014).Business ethics: A stakeholder and issues management approach. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. Zizek, B., Garz, D., Nowak, E. (Eds.). (2015).Kohlberg revisited. Springer.
Wednesday, April 1, 2020
Technoscience The world is changing rapidly. A single technological development can lead to an infinite number of consequential developments, each of which having varying impacts on humanity. These impacts, or indicators, display the results of technological development. Climactic, economic, social, and energy related indicators are important in showing humanity's use of technoscience, and demonstrate that certain political and economic changes are needed so that technoscientists can use their knowledge to benefit the great majority of humanity. Climactic indicators are excellent examples of humanity's misuse of technoscience. One such indicator is global temperature. It displays the results of the burning of fossil fuels and the release of nitrous oxides into the atmosphere. Production of coal, oil, natural gas and nuclear power each expanded by 1 percent in 1995 (Brown, 16). Globally, the ten warmest years out of the last 130 have all occurred in the eighties and nineties (Brown, 15). These figures demonstrate that humanity is not effectively controlling and limiting its use of fossil fuels. As a result, acid rain falls upon the earth destroying what is left of the planet's forests and, an estimated 37 percent of the fish species that inhabit thelakes and streams of North America are either in jeopardy or extinct. A second indicator that displays humanity's misuse of technoscience is the global economy. Global economic statistics show the results of the applications of technoscience. In 1995, the global economy grew by an estimated 3.7 percent the largest gain since the 4.6 percent growth in 1980 (Brown, 74). The use of technoscientific developments in various fields raised the global output of goods and services. Although this was an impressive expansion promoting employment and development, it also increased the unsustainable demands on the earth's natural systems and resources, such as the planet's forests. Applications of technoscience have established the need for wood. The forests that once blanketed more than 40 percent of the earth's land surface now cover only 27 percent of it (Brown, 19). As a result, soil erodes, and the capacity of soils and vegetation to absorb and store water is reduced. Humanity's misuse of technoscience can also be displayed with social indicators. Eighty-seven million people were added to the population in 1995 (Sachs, 88). The overwhelming majority were added to countries that were already struggling with the results of technoscience: depletion of forestry, erosion of soil, and reduction of aquifers. This added population only increased these countries' problems. Population growth is slowing in some country's, but for the wrong reasons. In Russia, the combination of economic deterioration and environmental pollution has raised death rates, while a loss of hope in the future has lowered birth rates (Brown, 19). In Zimbabwe, births still exceed deaths, but by much less than a few years ago because AIDS related deaths are increasing. Beneficial applications of technoscience could be used in the above cases to improve social situation by introducing greater population control methods and by helping to control the AIDS epidemic. Energy related indicators shoe the positive effects of technoscientific application. While the production of coal, oil, natural gas and nuclear power each expanded by 1 percent in 1995, wind electric generation expanded by 33 percent and sales of solar cells climbed 17 percent (Brown, 5658). The harnessing of wind and solar energy does not create the environmentally harmful byproducts associated with their fossil fuel and nuclear counterparts. Humanity's use of renewable energy sources can only decrease environmental problems. Charles E. Lindblom's procedure of public policy integration is an effective method by which technoscientists can be assured that their developments will be thoroughly explored so that humanity will not be hurt by their work. However, most corporations give strong incentives (bonuses, stock options) to encourage executives to diligently pursue corporate profitability (Woodhouse, 173). This results in a rapid, untested decision-making process that yields swift innovation of products and production techniques that offer short term buyer effectiveness, profits for the seller and potentially long term negative consequences to a portion of humanity, the environment or the world. Political procedures concerning technological developments must be gradual and deliberate so that the development's benefits can greatly outweigh the disadvantages. Conflicting leaders should explore developments so that each can consider the other's views. The initial policy should be revised in small, reversible steps in response to feedback about errors, interpretations, and changing perceptions of needs and opportunities (Morone, 168). The net result will be a general benefit to humanity. From an economic standpoint, technoscientist's work might yield a greater humanitarian benefit with the increase in common people's role in the technological decision making process. Unfortunately, technological developments, no matter
Sunday, March 8, 2020
A Person Who Had a Big Influence on My Life Essays A Person Who Had a Big Influence on My Life Essay A Person Who Had a Big Influence on My Life Essay It was a stormy night. The atmosphere was heavy and the environment was clouded with darkness. Rain was pouring like cats and dogs. I had been an orphan since the day I was born and now the orphanage had abandoned me. Lying in the dark, stormy streets I was getting wet head to toe. There was no one walking around, or at least thats what I thought . My eyesight barely managed to let me detect that sevven men in black coats, black shoes, black mask and black gloves were heading my way. I was filled with terror. I wished that they didnt detect me.However, my luck, as usual, had always been cursed. So it decided to side with the devil. I managed to get up but I was too frightened to move. Then I suddenly heard a loud noise. That is when I felt someone pushing me and a moment later I realized that I had bumped into a wall. I also, now having regained my senses understood that it was a gunshot. I saw a man lying on the floor. He was shot dead. However, that was all only in my imagination of my own creation. I realized that when he suddenly stood up. He held my hand and looked at me for a second.His look was one of concern and his grasp was one which seemed to reassure my safety. It felt like he would not let go. We started running and he quickly pushed me into his house. He locked the doors and shouted to everyone that he had returned. Abruptly, many children came rushing down the stairs and from the kitchen came a woman who gave me a cheerful smile. The man introduced me to the kids and the woman. Not only did he save me and give me a new life, but he also gave me a family and he took away my loneliness.
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Assignment 9 - Coursework Example The company embraced diversity from the selection and recruitment process. All applicants were screened not withstanding their physical ability, education, religion, race, age, or cultural background (Erickson 01). All employees were treated equally during promotions and in the awarding of other fringe benefits. Moreover, the company had non-punitive policies that dealt with conflicts arising from employees with different backgrounds and points of view. Exclusive discriminatory groups were highly outlawed and the management momentously discouraged employees from forming such groups (GroÃËschl 68). Moreover, the company initiated an all-inclusive and wide-ranging employee-training program for its community and corporate employees. The program was named Ã¢â¬Å"Successful Community LivingÃ¢â¬ . All employees were subjected to this program that promoted civility, respect and understanding among the employees and with the external community. Through the program, employees enthusiastically embraced and celebrated the presence of LGBT, albinos, physically challenged persons and the blacks in the organizational structure (Erickson 01). The program immensely contributed to the creation of a respectful, diversified but integrated workforce that ominously improved employees morale and consequently boosted the productivity and profitability of the organization. The company further augmented the training program by forming a Ã¢â¬Å"Diversity and Inclusion CouncilÃ¢â¬ that developed and implemented strategies that promoted the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s objectives in 4 major sections; resi dents, employees, CSR (corporate social responsibility) and marketplace initiatives. Members of the council are drawn from different heritages and were skilled in different aspects. Both the top and junior managers supported the council to guarantee its triumph. Holding combined dines was